Whether your operation us utilizing bulk or packaged Ammonium Nitrate, ANFO, Emulsions, ANFO/Emulsion Blends or other agents for mining, construction or quarry operations, we have a Storage Magazine (indoor and outdoor certified) to ensure you stay in compliance with ATF, OHSA or DOD safety standards.
The Library below is meant for educational purposes on technical information of many explosives that our magazines are used for in compliance with safety & explosive hazards regulations.
AMMONIUM NITRATE – Composed of the nitrate salt of ammonium, this white crystalline solid is highly water soluble. Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a high nitrogen fertilizer. One other major use of ammonium nitrate is as an explosive in mining, quarrying, and civil construction. Ammonium nitrate is the main component of ANFO (ammonium nitrate / fuel oil), which accounts for 80% of all explosives used in North America.
CAST BOOSTERS – Cast boosters are used to amplify the energy of a detonator. The booster acts as a conduit between a weak conventional detonator, and a low sensitivity explosive. (Ex: TNT). The most common form of cast booster is a cylindrical shell made of extruded or pressed cardboard or plastic which the explosive material has been cast into.
DELIVERY SYSTEMS – A delivery system is a generic term used to describe the method in which an explosive charge is ignited. 95% of all explosives are delivered into the borehole by bulk loading methods. DETONATING CORD – Also known as a detonation cord, detacord, detcord, primer cord, or sun cord, the detonating cord is a thin, flexible plastic tube usually filled with pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN). The cord is a high speed fuse which explodes, rather than burning. Detonation cords are used for detonating high explosives, and act as a downline between the trigger and the blast area.
ELECTRIC DETONATORS – An electric detonator allows a circuit to be tested before firing a shot. Electric detonators come in three categories; instantaneous electric detonator (IED), short period delay detonators (SPD), and long period delay detonators (LPD). The detonation of SPDs are measured in milliseconds, while the detonation of LPDs are measured in seconds.
ELECTRONIC DETONATORS – Electronic detonators offer better precision for delayed ignition. These detonators are designed to provide precise control to produce accurate and consistent blasting results. Electronic detonators are primarily used in mining, quarrying, and construction. These detonators are programmed in one millisecond increments from 1 millisecond to 10,000 milliseconds.
EMULSIONS – Emulsions are explosives composed of water in oil based explosives. Emulsion explosives are ideal for bulk loading both on the surface and underground. Emulsions are the most commonly used explosive based on ammonium nitrate / fuel oil (ANFO) chemistry. These explosives are water resistant, and offer a higher bulk density. NON-ELECTRIC DETONATORS – Non-electric detonators are shock tube detonators used to initiate explosions. A hollow plastic tube delivers a firing impulse to a detonator instead of electric wires. This makes non-electric detonators immune to most hazards associated with stray electrical current. A non-electrical reaction travels at approximately 6,500 feet per second along the length of the tube with minimal disturbance outside of the tube.
List of materials found in a typical high school or college chemistry stockroom and laboratory that based on respective MSDS sheets, should be stored in a fire cabinet, hazardous materials cabinet, or corrosive materials storage cabinet.
One of the more tedious things for a secondary science educator is to properly maintain and take inventory of their chemical stockroom. This needs to be done every couple of years for effective safety measures. It is a well-known fact that certain chemicals should be stored in certain areas, and many of these hazardous chemicals may need to be stored separately within said safe storage vessel. After taking inventory in my stockroom with the help of some of my upper level students, I compiled what my total inventory consisted of, along with the conditions each chemical was in, shelf life of each chemical, and where it is safely stored. In this post, you will find a glossary of the types of chemical and compounds that need to be stored in an OSHA compliant storage cabinet. This post will be broken down into two main categories of chemical based on their proper storage area. A brief description of each chemical, along with its inherent hazards based on MSDS sheet will also be provided.
According to OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) and the NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) Flammability ratings are as follows:
Flammability (Red Label)
Flammable gas or extremely flammable liquid
Flammable liquid flash point below 100°F
Combustible liquid flash point of 100° to 200°F
Combustible if heated
If a chemical has flammability ratings of 1-4, it must be stored in an OSHA compliant fire safety container. The following is what my classroom currently stores in terms of flammable materials. All of these materials are stored in a Flammables Cabinet.
Acetone: Dimethyl ketone, or more commonly referred as Acetone, is an extremely flammable Solvent used in numerous chemical applications. It is a great solvent in the lab (which translates to great for cleanup after lab exercises) and is used in gas chromatography as well. It is an extremely flammable category 2 liquid. Also causes eye and respiratory problems if directly exposed.
Amyl Alcohol: Also commonly referred to as Pentyl Alcohol, is a class two flammable organic alcohol. It is commonly used as a solvent to dissolve resins and some oily compounds. It is also commonly used to manufacture a number of other chemicals both on a small scale and large commercial type lab operations. It is a volatile compound that can cause issues in the respiratory tract if inhaled directly. Must be used in a ventilation hood or ventilated area.
Carnoy’s Solution: Carnoy’s solution is a mixture of multiple volatile compounds that is used in numerous biological laboratory tests. Its uses range from the treatment of specific types of tumors, to the fixation of cell samples in the lab. The primary ingredients in this mixture are Ethyl Alcohol and Chloroform, both of which are extremely flammable and should be stored in the proper cabinet.
Ethyl Alcohol: This alcohol is also the alcohol commonly found in alcoholic beverages. It is used as a common laboratory solvent that can be used for numerous applications, and also an additive in gasoline referred to as gasohol. It is a category two flammable liquid, possessing chemical properties that produce a highly flammable liquid and vapor. It also is harmful if swallowed, and can cause eye damage and irritation. Due to the possibility of this being a possible form of substance abuse for the students, and the high flammability of the compound itself, it must be stored in a locked flammables cabinet.
Ethylene Glycol: Although Ethylene glycol is not inherently a high risk flammable compound, it is still considered a class one flammable compound, which still needs to be stored in the proper cabinet. Ethylene Glycol is also extremely poisonous, even at very small doses. It is common uses in the lab include the precipitation of proteins from solution, fractionation, purification, and crystallization.
Isopropyl alcohol: a very common compound found in many medicine cabinets, first aid kits, and cleaning supply cabinets. It most commonly used as an antiseptic in minor cuts and scrapes, or as a cleaning solution for white boards and electronics. Isopropyl alcohol also has numerous uses in the biology and chemistry classrooms. In biology it is used to extract DNA from solutions of cellular material, which separates the DNA from the rest of the solution. It can also be used to preserve and or subdue live specimens for examination, mainly in the dissection lab. It is also commonly used in the chemistry setting to react with various substances. Considered a category two flammable liquid, isopropyl alcohol is a liquid that is commonly stored incorrectly. It is so common, that it is often stored on the shelf in the stockroom, but it is highly flammable and needs to be relocated to its proper storage container.
Methanol: Methanol is another alcohol that needs to be stored in a flame retardant cabinet. A toxic compound, which can cause blindness when ingested in small amounts; or can cause death if larger quantities enter the body. It is used in the synthesis of many organic compounds in the lab. It is also a common laboratory solvent, and is also used in High Performance Liquid Chromatography. Methanol is a Category three volatile substance that must be stored within an OSHA approved flame retardant cabinet.
Mineral Oil: also commonly referred to as “baby oil” or Paraffin oil is commonly found in the chemistry stockroom to store highly reactive metals such as Calcium, Potassium, Cesium, and Sodium. It is used to prevent water vapor in the air from contacting these highly unstable pure metal samples. It is also considered a flammable compound that should be stored in the proper storage cabinet.
Petroleum Ether: A category two flammable liquid and carcinogen, Petroleum ether is a compound that must be stored properly, and handled with extreme care. Over time, exposure to this compound can cause mutagenicity in human cells, resulting in various types of cancer. A natural byproduct in the making of gasoline also referred to as “benzene”; this chemical is commonly used as a solvent for many organic chemistry applications. It can also be used as a glue or adhesive remover.
Tolulene: This compound is extremely dangerous for multiple reasons, the most immediate threat is it is a class two flammable liquid. Toluene is a common solvent that is able to dissolve paint, paint thinners, silicone, and rubber. It is also used to make numerous products in the lab; the most famous of these is Tri-Nitro-Toluene or more commonly referred to as TNT. It should never be stored with any acids, especially any of the nitrogen containing acids. It also has applications in making plastic polymers. Toluene also has been shown to cause reproductive failure and cell degeneration in the reproductive organs of lab animals. Safe handling and storage is a must for this chemical.
Xylenes: found in the group of aromatic hydrocarbons, this compound is one of the more flammable compounds found in the chemistry lab. It is a class three flammable liquid and vapor, which also is internally and externally toxic to human beings as well. Mainly used in histology for the fixation of cellular samples, it does have some chemistry applications as a solvent as well.
Storage of other hazardous materials such as acids (Class “E’ materials or Corrosives) is very similar to storing flammables in a special cabinet. My stockroom has a corrosives cabinet that is used to store all of my concentrated lab reagents. There are however, specific rules for storing acids in your stockroom that must be followed in order to ensure the safety of the students and faculty. Although the inert risk of flammability of pure acids and bases are not an issue, their seamless ability to react with other compounds stored near them is a danger in itself. Sometimes this requires certain lab reagents to be stored within a container or compartment separate from the rest of the acids within the cabinet. Special consideration needs to be made when determining what chemicals are going to be stored together.
Many corrosives are characterized by the following abbreviations:
C- Combustible liquid or solid
HT- Highly Toxic
PEC- Potentially Explosive Chemical
WR- Water reactive
An acid is a substance that donates hydrogen ions. Because of this, when an acid is dissolved in water, the balance between hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions is shifted. Now there are more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions in the solution. This kind of solution is acidic.
A base is a substance that accepts hydrogen ions. When a base is dissolved in water, the balance between hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions shifts the opposite way. Because the base “soaks up” hydrogen ions, the result is a solution with more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions. This kind of solution is alkaline.
Anything stored in a corrosives cabinet usually has a pH of below 2 and above 12 on the pH scale. A reagent with a pH lower than 7 is considered acidic and above 7 is considered basic. The scale runs from 0 (most acidic) to 14
Corrosive materials also have a myriad of side effect upon exposure, either directly, or from the toxic vapors they emit. Concentrated acids should always be diluted in a chemical hood and always handled with proper eye, body, feet, and hand protection. These concentrated chemicals are extremely dangerous.
Many people think that because something is on the basic side of the pH scale (pH of 7 through 14) that it is not as dangerous as a corrosive that is on the lower end of the pH spectrum. This is not the case; bases tend to cause more damage to tissues because they penetrate deeper into the skin, causing much more damage to the lower layers of skin on the body.
Below you will find a list of acids that are currently stored within my OSHA compliant Corrosives storage cabinet in my stockroom.
Ammonium Hydroxide: One of the least dangerous acids in my cabinet (although still very dangerous!). Very dilute ammonia solutions are sold over the counter as a house hold cleaning agent, but lab grade concentrated ammonia is very dangerous. Due to its high pH level, ammonium hydroxide solutions are alkaline. As a result, it is a severe eye, skin, and respiratory tract irritant that readily burns tissues it comes in direct contact with. Most commonly used in the chemistry lab to neutralize strong acids for proper disposal.
Hydrochloric Acid: hydrochloric acid is one of the most used lab reagents in the lab. This acid has a very wide use in high school chemistry. For me personally we use it for titrations involving acid base neutralizations. It is also commonly used in dilute forms for geological identifications of different types of rocks, or to show chemical weathering to simulate acid rain with different rock samples. Considered extremely corrosive in higher concentrations, it must be stored in a corrosives cabinet. It also must be diluted within a chemical hood because the fumes when adding the acid to water can severely damage the respiratory tract. Full protective equipment is an absolute must when handling this acid.
Nitric Acid: Most commonly used in the production of farm grade fertilizers, rocket propulsion, metal finishing, and explosives; Nitric acid is commonly found in high school chemistry labs as well commonly used for lab demonstrations and dehydration reactions. Extremely corrosive and fatal if swallowed, nitric acid is another extremely dangerous acid to handle and store. In addition to being stored within a corrosives cabinet, Nitric acid must be stored separately within the cabinet itself (My OSHA corrosives cabinet has a separate compartment to store nitric acid within). It is not to be stored with other acids, mainly ammonium hydroxide because of the inherent risk of explosive compounds being inadvertently formed during long term storage.
Sulfuric Acid: one of the most important industrial chemicals in the United States, more of this acid is made than all of the others combined annually. It is used to make many of the other acids mentioned earlier, along with the manufacture of fertilizers and manufactured goods. It is also the main component of traditional batteries, especially automotive batteries. For high school chemistry, it is used to react with many metals as lab demos, or to produce hydrogen gas for demonstration as well. Once again, another highly corrosive substance that needs to be stored in a corrosives cabinet. It also needs to be handled with extreme caution while also wearing all of the necessary protective clothing.
After reading this article, it is very apparent that student safety is the most important thing to consider when storing and handling these types of chemicals in the lab. Proper storage and safety drastically reduces the risks of injury or damage to the building. It is imperative that the instructor practices and teaches students the importance of how to handle these chemicals safely. This is just a very small list of all of the different types of hazardous compounds that may be found in a common chemistry lab. There are numerous others that are not mentioned in this article, so it is always important to keep MSDS sheets handy when an instructor or student is unsure of the risks involved with many of these chemicals. It is also extremely important that the building administrator be aware of where the MSDS sheets are located in the event of an emergency so that proper care can be taken during the situation. Stay safe and good luck!
Jacob K Hogan
Chemistry, Biology, and AP Environmental Science Teacher
Teaching Chemistry in a high school or college setting involves a variety of safety hazards. When people think about safety in schools, topics like bullying and students bringing weapons to school are at the forefront of news media, however, there is another important school safety issue that teachers and administrators may not even know exists – chemical lab storage and stock room safety. Improper storage is more than an OSHA violation. If these chemicals are not stored properly, or if the teacher does not have the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to accompany every material (acids, corrosives, flammable materials) in the stock room, the safety of the building and therefore, everyone inside the school could be at risk. These two factors remain one of the most important aspects of maintaining a comfortable learning environment, and improper chemical storage can have very negative consequences if not handled correctly.
Why MSDS Sheets are important to chemical storage safety
In the chemistry lab, the teacher and students are often handling very hazardous and flammable substances and materials – all with an inherent risk of injury at any moment’s notice. This is why Students need to be taught proper lab safety when performing any type of hands on activity. Additionally, this is also why the chemistry teacher need to have their MSDS sheets (Materials and Safety Data Sheets) on hand in the room. A compilation of the MSDS sheets allows the teacher to effectively determine every single type of hazard that any given chemical can cause. From Flammability to corrosiveness and even if certain chemicals have inhalation hazards. These sheets also provide extensive information on how to store these volatile chemicals safely in OSHA approved storage cabinets in the stock room.
OSHA Approved Chemical Storage Cabinets
One thing that sometimes goes unrecognized as a teacher and or building supervisor is proper OSHA storage of certain lab chemicals, mainly acids and flammables. Possessing and maintaining a proper storage cabinet for these types of chemicals is a necessity in a chemical store room to contain hazardous materials. For example, when referring to the common types of lab grade acids you may find in a high school chemistry lab, many of these acids have storage risks associated with them over time. Everyone knows the dangers of handling acids, but many are not aware of the types of explosive compounds these acids can form if not properly stored. Nitric acid is a very common lab reagent, and it requires a separate compartment within the OSHA compliant safety cabinet to be stored properly. The reason for this is that nitric acid being an organic acid, if stored with inorganic acids such as acetic or formic acid can create toxic and or flammable fumes within the safe storage cabinet if they are next to each other. This is why nitric acid should be stored separate from all other acids within the acid storage cabinet or inside its own acid storage cabinet. Once again, this is why MSDS sheets are extremely helpful in determining safe storage of chemicals. Flammable materials should also be stored in a flammable materials cabinet. Compounds that are considered highly volatile need to be stored in their own cabinet so the fumes cannot react with other compounds in storage. These compounds include any alcohol, acetone, mineral oil, or “ene” compounds (xylene, toluene, hexene…). This also keeps all flammable items away from any type of heat source i.e. a heater or electrical equipment that could ignite flammable vapors inadvertently. The chances that something would react during storage are slim, but these are the types of scenarios that usually end in serious injury to staff and students if not properly maintained at the school.
These are just a few of the reasons teachers and administrators need to stay up to date on the types of chemicals stored in the classroom, and above all if they are stored properly. Ordering proper storage cabinets is a cheaper alternative to lawsuits filed by staff and parents in the event an accident happens. It is also cheaper than the fines dealt out by OSHA if a problem is detected in your building. These regulations are meant to do one thing, keep the building safe. It is extremely important to remember that a safe building fosters learning and a sense of security for staff and students.
TYPE 2, 3, AND 4 STORAGE MAGAZINES for Explosives, Fireworks & Pyrotechnics
Storage magazines are used in the storage and transportation of both high and low explosives. This brief summary will focus on Type 2, 3, and 4 storage magazines. All of the magazines covered in this summary are rated to store both high and low explosives.
High explosives are materials that will detonate. These include; blasting caps, detonating cord, dynamite, shaped charges, and boosters. Low explosives are materials that deflagrate, producing large volumes of heated gas. These include; black powder, display fireworks, safety fuse igniters, igniter cord, and fuse lighters.
Type 2 Storage Magazines
Type 2 storage magazines can be used for both indoor and outdoor storage, and can be both mobile and portable. All Type 2 magazines must meet or exceed ATF specifications CFR 555.11. These qualifications for Type 2 magazine as defined by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms state that in order for a Type 2 magazine to be in compliance it must have;
double wall, welded construction with 3” or airspace throughout
exterior walls of 10 gauge, formed, Galvanized steel
a roof of 16 gauge steel
interior wall of ⅜” steel plate
Type 2 magazines are manufactured predominantly for the storage of high explosives. These magazines are made for indoor or outdoor placement. As directed by the ATF, these magazines can not hold more than 50 lbs. of explosive materials. Outdoor Type 2 magazines must be built to bullet resistant design. Type 2 magazines are easily portable, and can be housed most places with a flat surface. These magazines are built for turn-key installation, allowing for easy location.
Type 3 magazine storage containers are commonly known in layman’s terms as “Day Boxes.” These magazines are utilized mainly in the transportation of high and low explosives to sites in the field, and are to mean to be attended at all times. Per the ATF, “Explosive materials are not to be left unattended in type 3 magazines and must be removed to type 1 or 2 magazines for unattended magazines.
Magazines meeting the criteria for Type 3 classification must be easily portable. Type 3 magazines can be mounted to a vehicle or trailer, or can be left free standing to be carried by hand. A textbook example of the Type 3 storage magazines it the Securall Type 3 Daybox. Features of the Day Box include;
12 gauge steel
Interior lined with ½” plywood
all spark producing material covered or sealed
padlock hasps welded, riveted, or bolted with nuts on the inside
finish of 2 part chemical resistant aliphatic polyurethane
Type 4 Storage Magazines
Type 2 storage magazines are designed for the storage of low or high explosives. These magazines are made of steel, and are weather, fire, and theft resistant. Like its type 2 counterparts, a type 4 magazine is made for indoor, outdoor, portable, or mobile use. However, a type 4 magazine can also be used in a permanent location.
2 hooded hasps for padlocks placed on door to prevent tampering or forced entry
Larger units of type 4 storage magazines are manufactured with I Beam supports running the length of the structure, and the magazines can be drug along surfaces by the end of the I Beams. These magazines can also be equipped with fork channels and casters to make relocation even more simple.
It should also be noted that 1.3G display fireworks (formerly Class B fireworks) that are for aerial display are to be stored in approved storage magazines. Whether these are for pyrotechnics storage or ATF 54 licensed persons requiring day boxes, our full line of fireworks storage containers and solutions are designed to meet your price point and budget.
Hazardous chemical storage is an incredibly heavily regulated industry,incorporating the laws and regulations of many government agencies and corporate entities. In order for a building to be legally labelled as “Hazmat Certified,” there are many criteria that must be met.
Securall Hazmat Buildings are designed for outdoor storage with 55 gallon drum encasement containing flammable or combustible liquids. The outer wall of the unit is manufactured with welded 16 or 12 gauge steel. Inner walls are constructed of 20 gauge steel. The buildings come standard with a commercial grade lockset handle, and 3” airspace through the unit.
Securall Fire-Rated Storage Buildings carry the Factory Mutual System Approval label. Factory Mutual Global offers world wide industrial and commercial production certification and testing services via FM Approvals. In order to receive FM Approval, a building must be examined and analyzed to be certain building construction is performed to evaluate:
the suitability of the building;
proper operation and performance of the building as specified by the manufacturer and requirements of FM Approvals; and, as far as practical,
durability and reliability of the building itself.
In addition to being compliant with the previous codes and regulations, Securall also meets Intermediate Bulk Container (IBC) requirements for closed shipping vessels with a liquid capacity from 450 L to 3,000 L (119-793 gallons).
The Agribusiness industry is faced with its own set of strict regulations and guidelines with it comes to the storage and containment of chemicals that are unique to its needs. Securall offers a line of safety storage buildings especially designed for use in the agriculture industry. These buildings are specially designed to comply with safety regulations when using pesticides, herbicides, and other turf chemicals. Golf courses and nurseries are also prime candidates for these particular types of containment units.
In the United States we have a long history of quality ammunition for military and recreational use. These explosives come in a variety of calibers, brands and sizes and are made by several reputable manufacturers here in the USA. Below is our full list of companies whose explosives are typically stored in Type 2, Type 3 or Type 4 storage magazines to ensure safety and ATF approved compliance.
American aerospace, defense, and sporting goods. Manufacturer of ammunition for sport shooting, law enforcement, military, and security outfits. Ammunition sales division is solely regaled to the Vista Outdoor division.
Also known as Cascade Cartridge Inc., this company is known for the manufacture of rimfire ammunition, centerfire handgun ammunition, and primers for reloaders and industrial power loads. Producer of the 1st Mini-Mag rimfire ammunition in 1963. Developed the Stinger, a hyper velocity .22 long rifle product.
Subsidiary of Alliant Techsystems. Manufacturer of shotshell, centerfire, and rimfire ammunition. Federal Premium Ammunition’s were used to help the United States to take the gold and silver in sharp shooting in the 1992 Summer Olympics. Extremely popular with law enforcement.
Major distributor of smokeless powder for ammunition industry, as well as those who load their own ammunition by hand. in 2009, Hodgdon Powder Company acquired GEOX Powder, Inc., the only manufacturer of black powder in the USA. Also the manufacturer of Triple Seven, which is a modern substitute for black powder meant for muzzle loaders and antique firearms.
Manufacturer of target shooting ammunition, hunting rounds, and high quality self defense loads. In 1990 the Hornady XTP (Extreme Terminal Performance) won the industry’s Product Award of Merit from the National Association of Federally Licensed Dealers.
Produces 1.4 billion rounds of ammunition per year. This government owned company is responsible for ammunition and weapons testing as the officially designated National and Regional Testing Center for NATO. Largest producer of small arms ammunition for the United States Armed Forces.
When it comes to safety and compliance with NFPA and OSHA, it’s best to take the proper steps to ensure the highest degree of safety in your facility to protect employees and buildings.
The storage of LP-Gas is covered by the Liquefied Gas Code (NFPA 58-2008). The NFPA 58 is “the industry benchmark for safe LP-Gas storage, handling, transportation, and use, NFPA 58 mitigates risks and ensures safe installations, to prevent failures, leaks, and tampering that could lead to fires and explosions” (NFPA). It’s important to educate yourself on the differences between flammable liquids and flammable liquefied gases, so to avoid the risk of storing them improperly.
Propane is not a flammable liquid, but rather a flammable liquified gas. The difference is an important one, since leakage from LP-Gas containers results in a rapid evolution of gas. Thus, the storage of propane is restricted in buildings. According to the NFPA, the restrictions include:
“Buildings frequented by the public are limited to cylinders with a propane capacity of 1 pound. The total quantity stored is limited to 200 pounds of propane.”
“Buildings not frequented by the public are limited to a maximum quantity of 300 pounds of propane. The cylinder size is not restricted.”
“Storage in ‘Special Buildings’, meeting the requirements of Chapter 7 of NFPA 58 is limited to 10,000 pounds of propane.”
Due to their rapid release of gas, propane cannot be stored in containers meant for flammable liquids. Storage units for flammable liquids are designed to protect flammable liquid containers from fire for 10 minutes for safe evacuation. Thus, there are different regulations for protecting you and your employees from these gasses.
Secruall’s Aluminum Gas Cylinder Cabinets* (Models #LP4S, #LP12S, etc), with .125” thick aluminum construction, are designed for outside storage and are resistant to weathering and discoloring. While their outdoor performance is better than painted steel models, their weight (⅓ of painted steel models) also make for cheaper shipping charges. They also follow OSHA SubPart 1910.110 requirements and NFPA 58-113 standards. Vertical models are also available for no additional cost (Models #LP8S-VERTICAL, #LPOGS, etc). Simply add “VERTICAL” to your PO.
No matter which NFPA code you need to meet for compliance in your jurisdiction, you can be confident that the storage cabinet experts at K.L. Security can help you find the best cabinets at the best prices to meet your exact safety compliant needs.
Following OSHA and NFPA regulations for storing hazardous liquids outdoors ensures the safety of employees, your community, and the environment. Further, when done properly, it keeps your company safe from any violation of the law. Securall will help in meeting these standards.
The following are important considerations to make when choosing your outdoor safety storage.
Lockers are used to store chemicals not exceeding the control area, while buildings are used to store chemicals exceeding the control area.
Securall Outdoor Storage units should be placed outside on level ground or a concrete slab.
There are various building codes to meet, including: UBC, SBC, UFC, NEC, AND CAC.
There are various industry construction standards to meet: NFPA, BOCA, AWS, AISC, ANSI, ASTM, ICC, AND USPC.
The are federal regulations to meet, including EPA and OSHA.
The floor area should not exceed 1500 square feet.
Outdoor Storage Lockers and Buildings safely store hazardous materials, flammables, pesticides, herbicides, and other agri-chemicals. To prevent leaking and contamination, Securall safety products are equipped with a sump area. The capacity of the sump ultimately determines the storage capacity. OSHA requires sump capacity to contain 25% of the total holding capacity or 100% of the largest container (whatever is greater). Securall has standards sizes or custom-design options to meet these requirements.
Securall Outdoor storage is approved for the storage of flammable and combustible liquids (except the storage of Class 1A and the dispensing of Class 1A and 1B Flammable Liquids). Explosion Relief, which is found in Securall Haz-mat storage units, is required for storing and dispensing Class 1A and 1B Flammable Liquids.
For additional information regulating the proper application of storing flammables, please visit www.osha.gov or www.nfpa.org
Are you struggling with how to properly store flammable liquids or combustibles in an OSHA approved storage cabinet?
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Flammables, Liquids and Classifications for Storage Requirements
A flammable liquid is any liquid with a flash point below 100℉ (37.8℃) or higher, making up 99 percent of the total volume of the mixture. These liquids fall under Class I.
Class IA flammables are liquids with a flash point below 73℉ (22.8℃) ; boiling point below 100℉ (37.8℃). Examples include: acetaldehyde, butyne, chloropropylene, dimethyl sulfide, ethyl chloride, ethyl ether.
Class IB flammables are liquids with a flash point below 73℉ (22.8℃) ; boiling point at or above 100℉ (37.8℃). Examples include: acetone, benzene, carbon disulfide, ethyl alcohol, ethyl acetate, gasoline, hexane, isopropanol, methanol, toluene.
Class IC flammables are liquids with a flash point at or above 73℉ (22.8℃), but less than 100℉ (37.8℃). Examples include: amyl alcohol, butyl alcohol, isobutyl alcohol, methyl isobutyl ketone, styrene, turpentine, xylene.
Combustibles and Combustible Storage Cabinets
A combustible liquid is any liquid with a flash point at or above 100ºF (37.8ºC). Combustible liquids are broken into two classes: Class II and Class III.
Class II combustibles are liquids with a flash point at or above 100℉ (37.8℃), but less than 140℉ (60℃). This does not include any mixture having components with flash points of 200ºF (93.3ºC) or more with a volume making up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture. Examples include: No. 1, 2 and 3 fuel oils, kerosene, and hexyl alcohol.
Class III liquids is any liquid with flash points at or above 140ºF (60ºC) and are broken into two subclasses.
Class IIIA combustibles are liquids with a flash point at or above 140℉ (60℃), but less than 200℉ (93℃). This does not include any mixture having components with flash points of 200ºF (93.3ºC) or more with the total volume making up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture. Examples include: aniline, benzaldehyde, butyl cellosolve, nitrobenzene and pine oil.
Class IIIB combustibles are liquids with a flash point at or above 200℉ (93℃). Examples include: animal oils; ethylene glycol; glycerine; lubricating, quenching, and transformer oils; triethanolamine; benzyl alcohol; hydraulic fluids and vegetable oils.
There are several things to consider when storing flammable and combustible liquids.
In a single cabinet, a maximum of 120 gallons of Class I, Class II, and Class IIIA liquids can be stored.
In a single fire area, there cannot be more than 3 cabinets.
In a single fire are, additional cabinets are limited to groups no larger than 3 with 100ft of separation between groups
In any one group, the maximum number of cabinets can increase to 6 if stored in an Industrial Occupancy Facility equipped with an automatic sprinkler system meeting NFPA 13 standards.
Securall Storage Cabinets provide several features to ensure safety.
3-point, non-sparking button latch rod system
leveling legs that level cabinet, ensuring closure every time
models with self-close doors have Fusible Links to hold doors open (in case of a fire, the links will melt at 165F, automatically closing the doors)
Flammable storage cabinets from Securall are OSHA approved and designed to meet NFPA Code 30 standards. Whether you need to store cans of gasoline or kerosene or are required to protect employees from the danger of explosion hazards, Securall has a large selection of models and sizes to store flammable cans (Models #A30, #A305, #A145, etc.) or drums (Models #V260, #V1110, #H160, etc.).
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