1.3G Fireworks Storage Magazines Regulations & Requirements

TYPES OF COMMERCIAL FIREWORKS AND THEIR STORAGE

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Learning what the proper way to store ATF regulated 1.3G Fireworks is the best way to stay in compliance for safety in storage magazines.

In general, there are three main types of commercial fireworks. These three categories of devices are closely regulated by several government agencies, with special focus on the the Department of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms.

DISPLAY FIREWORKS

Display fireworks are the large and grandiose type of displays usually utilized in professional fireworks displays. These shows are closely supervised by a trained pyrotechnician. This type of firework produces a visible and / or audible effect in the form of combustion, deflagration, or deterioration. This includes all fireworks falling under the following distinctions;

Containing more than 2 grains (130 mg.) of flash powder

  • Aerial shells containing more than 40 g. of pyrotechnic compositions
  • Display pieces which exceed the limits of explosive materials classified as “consumer fireworks
  • Fused set pieces containing components which together exceed 50 mg, of flash powder

These fireworks are all classified under the Department of Transportation under UN0333, UN0334, and UN0335, and must be transported under the guidlines set aside for fireworks.

To be in possession of such fireworks, one must have procured an ATF Federal Explosives License in compliance with 27 CFR, Part 555.

CONSUMER FIREWORKS

Commercial fireworks are the standard type of fireworks one will find readily available in stores and roadside stands. These fireworks are small, and commercially available to the general public. These include;

 

  • Ground devices containing 50 mg. or less of flash powder
  • Aerial devices containing 130 mg. or less of flash powder.

While commercial fireworks are not regulated by the ATF, they are still classified by the Department of Transportation as products UN0336 and UN0337, and any person manufacturing consumer fireworks for commercial use MUST obtain a Federal Explosives Manufacturing License.

ARTICLES PYROTECHNIC

These particular devices are pyrotechnic devices manufactured for professional use. They are similar to commercial fireworks in chemical composition and construction, but are not intended for consumer use. These devices also fall under the regulation of 27 CFR 555.11.
STORAGE MAGAZINE DISTINCTIONS FOR FIREWORKS STORAGE

 

The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) has a five type distinction for the storage of explosives. All of these distinctions of type are governed by the storage rules as laid down in CFR Part 555.206 (Location of magazines), CFR 555.207 (Construction of Type 1 Magazines),CFR 555.208 (Construction of Type 2 Magazines), CFR 555.209 (Construction of Type 3 Magazines), CFR 555.210 (Construction of Type 4 Magazines), CFR 555.211 (Construction of Type 5 Magazines), and CFR 555.213 (Quantity and Storage Restrictions).

The types of explosives regulated under the Code of Federal Regulations Part 555 are defined as such;

Type 1 Magazines: Permanent storage for high explosives. Subject to CFR 555.206 and CFR 555.213 limitations. Other classes of explosives may also be stored.

    1. Type 2 Magazines: Mobile or portable indoor and outdoor storage for high explosives subject to limitations under CFR 555.206, CFR 555.208, and CFR 555.213.
    2. Type 3 Magazines: Portable outdoor magazines for storage of high explosives while attended (ex: a “day box”), subject to limitations for CFR 555.206, and CFR 555.213. Other classes may also be stored.

 

  • Type 4 Magazines: Low explosives. Subject to the limitations presented by CFR 555.206, CFR 555.210, and CFR 555.213. Detonators that will not mass detonate may also be stored.
  • Type 5 Magazines: Blasting agents. These agents are subject to CFR 555.206, CFR 555.211, and CFR 555.213.

 

 

Explosive Storage Magazines for Ammunition and Pyrotechics

TYPE 2, 3, AND 4 STORAGE MAGAZINES for Explosives, Fireworks & Pyrotechnics

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Construction of storage containers and magazines meets or exceeds specifications set forth by the ATF CFR 72 and/or DoD

Storage magazines are used in the storage and transportation of both high and low explosives. This brief summary will focus on Type 2, 3, and 4 storage magazines. All of the magazines covered in this summary are rated to store both high and low explosives.

High explosives are materials that will detonate. These include; blasting caps, detonating cord, dynamite, shaped charges, and boosters. Low explosives are materials that deflagrate, producing large volumes of heated gas. These include; black powder, display fireworks, safety fuse igniters, igniter cord, and fuse lighters.

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Type 2 Storage Magazines

Type 2 storage magazines can be used for both indoor and outdoor storage, and can be both mobile and portable. All Type 2 magazines must meet or exceed ATF specifications CFR 555.11. These qualifications for Type 2 magazine as defined by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms state that in order for a Type 2 magazine to be in compliance it must have;

double wall, welded construction with 3” or airspace throughout

  • exterior walls of 10 gauge, formed, Galvanized steel
  • a roof of 16 gauge steel
  • interior wall of ⅜” steel plate
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Type 2, 4 and 4 containers, buildings and portable dayboxes to meet your needs and budget price requirements.

Type 2 magazines are manufactured predominantly for the storage of high explosives. These magazines are made for indoor or outdoor placement. As directed by the ATF, these magazines can not hold more than 50 lbs. of explosive materials. Outdoor Type 2 magazines must be built to bullet resistant design. Type 2 magazines are easily portable, and can be housed most places with a flat surface. These magazines are built for turn-key installation, allowing for easy location.

A prime example of a compliant Type 2 storage magazine is the Securall M200 Explosive Storage Magazine.

Type 3 Storage Magazines

Type 3 magazine storage containers are commonly known in layman’s terms as “Day Boxes.” These magazines are utilized mainly in the transportation of high and low explosives to sites in the field, and are to mean to be attended at all times. Per the ATF, “Explosive materials are not to be left unattended in type 3 magazines and must be removed to type 1 or 2 magazines for unattended magazines.

Magazines meeting the criteria for Type 3 classification must be easily portable. Type 3 magazines can be mounted to a vehicle or trailer, or can be left free standing to be carried by hand. A textbook example of the Type 3 storage magazines it the Securall Type 3 Daybox. Features of the Day Box include;

 

  • 12 gauge steel
  • Interior lined with ½” plywood
  • all spark producing material covered or sealed
  • padlock hasps welded, riveted, or bolted with nuts on the inside
  • finish of 2 part chemical resistant aliphatic polyurethane

Type 4 Storage Magazines

Type 2 storage magazines are designed for the storage of low or high explosives. These magazines are made of steel, and are weather, fire, and theft resistant. Like its type 2 counterparts, a type 4 magazine is made for indoor, outdoor, portable, or mobile use. However, a type 4 magazine can also be used in a permanent location.

An example of an exemplary Type 4 storage magazine is the Securall M400 Explosive Storage Magazine. This magazine comes equipped with many features, including;

 

  • 12 gauge formed outer wall
  • interior lined with ½” plywood sheets
  • 2 hooded hasps for padlocks placed on door to prevent tampering or forced entry
  • Lift lugs

Larger units of type 4 storage magazines are manufactured with I Beam supports running the length of the structure, and the magazines can be drug along surfaces by the end of the I Beams. These magazines can also be equipped with fork channels and casters to make relocation even more simple.

It should also be noted that 1.3G display fireworks (formerly Class B fireworks) that are for aerial display are to be stored in approved storage magazines. Whether these are for pyrotechnics storage or ATF 54 licensed persons requiring day boxes, our full line of fireworks storage containers and solutions are designed to meet your price point and budget.